For example, tennis champion, martina navratilova said, i started getting massages and realized what wonderful thing it write is for your body (Sports Massage: taking the field ). Former professional football quarterback, joe montana, has said, ive been working with massage for a few years now, and I found it helps you to recover a little quicker. The bumps and bruises seem Togo away a lot faster (Sports Massage: taking the field). Canadian National Swim team member, marianne limpet, agrees: I find that massage is very beneficial in helping with a quicker recovery from hard training or racing, and it prevents me from getting tight muscles and injuring myself. I am one of few athletes at my age(30 and I'm sure that massage has played a major role in helping to keep my body in shape to continue to this level (Warren, 2003). Even Marjorie album, the Chief Athletic Trainer of the 1996 Atlanta Olympic Games, once commented, i would not provide sports medicine services for any major athletic event without massage therapists.(Sports Massage: The Athletes trainers Edge ) With glowing testimonials from esteemed athletes and sports professionals. After all, our society places great emphasis and value on athletics, and the financial and emotional rewards can be great to those who excel in their chosen sport. It is not surprising that sports massage is popular among those searching for competitive edge. This relatively new appreciation for sports massage has increased as part of a larger trend toward ergogenic aids to boost all types of athletic performance.
Goalkeeper Tracy ducat said, Clinton and Jim fayola, who worked with him during the world Cup, were invaluable in the treatment they provided for us testified Tracy ducat, a goalkeeper on the team. "We could not have been at our best without their help every day." goalie saki webber agreed, saying, "Without Clinton I think that it would have been a much different story. I think that he kept write us healthy and kept us together during the world Cup (Hued, 2002). Sports massage has also infiltrated smaller sports. For example, even some canadian cowboys are receiving massages before and after rodeos, thanks to new mobile massage rooms are traveling with them (Visconti,.54). Although professional sports teams have lead the way in incorporating sports massage, college, some secondary schools, and amateur teams are also exploring massage as a way to enhance performance. The publics perceived value of the effectiveness of sports massage has been fuelled by public statements from well-known professional athletes who say their extraordinary skills have improved after undergoing regular massage therapy.
Modern sports massage first became integrated as part some teams standard athletic training in the former soviet Union, east Germany, and other Eastern European countries during the 1960s. Soviet teams were the first to employ dedicated massage therapists that traveled with them. In the 1970s, the trend became more widespread, as more european countries and teams in the United States began to take interest in sports massage (davidson, 2001). However, it is only since the 1980s that sports massage has become truly mainstream. Now, it is a common practice for teams to integrate sports massage as part of their standard training regimen. Certified sports massage therapists have been seen at many major sporting events, including Ironman competitions, the goodwill and Pan-American games, marathons, the Olympics, and professional bike races (Latina, 2000).When the. S womens soccer team defeated China, winning the world Cup, the players publicly thanked their sports massage therapist, wynn Clinton and Jim fayola.
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He developed sports massage based on the theory that there are a dozen body postures that form the axis of all athletic movement. Meagher said that because each sport requires that the athlete essays maintain certain postures, it is possible to identify potential overuse injuries before they occur and help prevent them through sports massage. Meagher wrote that athletic performance could be improved by 20 with the introduction of sports massage (Dion, 2001). Although sports massage encompasses many techniques, all sports massages geared toward generating the maximum performance from an athlete. The effects of sports massage are achieved through a combination of mechanical, physiological, and psychological processes. Research has demonstrated that the compression caused by correctly-applied sports massage can improve lymphatic and venous drainage in the body and boost circulation (Hollis, 1997).
Under the general heading of sports massage, there are three distinctly different types of massage. Each has a different goal and employs different strokes. The three categories of sports massage are pre-event, post-event, and maintenance massage. Although sports massage has recently become more sophisticated, modern athletics have been using forms of pre-event and post-event massage for decades. For example, baseball pitchers have long used massage as an attempt to extend the length of their career by maintaining range of motion and flexibility. For many decades, boxing coaches and trainers being have been seen giving boxers rubdowns before a fight in an effort toward-up the body by boosting circulation. This is an early form fore-event massage (pike, ii).
He suffered from gout and developed the system to improve his condition and later to help others. He did not equate massage with relaxation or any other psychological benefit. In fact, he called it the Swedish movement Cure (Cates, 1998). Current Swedish massage has evolved somewhat from Lings ideas and is now more gentle, although the focus is still on increasing the flow of oxygen in the blood and to assist the muscles in releasing toxins. In the last few decades, Swedish massage therapists have placed greater emphasis on the psychological benefits of massage and they strive to provide a sense of calmness and well-being.(Vickers, zelman, 1999). Historically, the interest in massage has been cyclical.
Massage fallout of favour, only to once again regain acceptance, many times over the last 500 years. Currently, massage has become far less important tour culture than medical drugs and surgery, but it is again becoming more popular as an alternative therapy (Cates, 1998). There are still many forms of massage found throughout the world, including Hawaiian, deep tissue, and tue. One of the newest forms of massage is sports massage. Although it is considered a separate form of massage, it shares strong similarities with Swedish Massage and the most of the techniques employed in Swedish massage are used in sports massage(davidson, 2001). However, sports massage also incorporates Shiatsu massage techniques. Sports massage was largely developed by jack meagher. Meagher was the massage therapist for the us olympic Equestrian team.
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He believed that massage techniques could increase and restore nutritive fluids (Calvert, 2001). However, over time, western cultures gradually abandoned the Greek beliefs about massage. During the middle ages, massage was still used as a folk remedy, but established medical scientists discounted it and the use of massage was no longer considered part of regular medical treatment. About 150 years ago, a french translation of the cong-four appeared. Historians wood believe the text served as the foundation for the development of the now-popular Swedish review massage (davidson, 2001). There is some dispute over the origins of Swedish massage, but many credit Per Hendrix Ling for its development during the early 18th century. Ling promoted the idea that massage could heal the body by boosting circulation of the blood and limp systems. Lings massage technique was very vigorous and he prescribed a standardized treatment.
The prevalence of this type of massage has rapidly increased over the last two decades and the perceived effectiveness of sports massages given before and after athletic events has become widespread. Massage may have become more en vogue recently, load but it is certainly not new. The first evidence of massage can be seen in the Chinese cong-fou, written around 2700. The text makes references to the manipulation of soft tissue. The ancient Chinese massage techniques involved applying pressure to muscles and meridian points. There is evidence that the ancient Chinese practitioners believed their massage not only relaxed muscles, but also improved the function of internal organs(Calvert, 2001). Ancient Indian texts also described various massage techniques that were believed to promote spiritual and physical healing (pike, ii). Even Hippocrates taught a form of massage to his students around500. Another famous Greek medical practitioner, Asclepiads, was so impressed by the perceived benefits of massage that the stopped using all other medicines and treatments and only used massage therapy for healing.
While the exact science behind the benefits sports massage remains elusive, many athletes, coaches, and massage therapists continue to believe that it can have a tremendous positive effect if used both before and after sporting events and during periods of training. Introduction, massage is one of the oldest and widely used therapies in the history of mankind. The American Heritage dictionary of the English Language defines massage as: the rubbing or kneading of parts of the body especially to aid circulation, relax the muscles, or provide sensual stimulation. These benefits have been enjoyed since ancient times and almost all cultures have used some version of therapeutic massage(Vickers, zelman, 1999). However, in more recent history, massage has become an important tool for athletes. Sports massage is now considered powerful way to help maximize athletic performance (davidson, 2001).
This has led to even more interest in the therapy by non-athletes. Some of the popularity of sports massage can be attributed to the increasing acceptance of all forms of alternative therapies. Despite all of the intense interest, there is a lack of accurate information about massage. There are many widely held perceptions book about the effectiveness of pre-event sports massage, including that it can prevent injury and provide an edge over the competition. However, there is no published research that suggests pre-event massage has a positive impact on performance or injury prevention. There is some evidence that massage after an athletic event can help reduce pain, but the results remain inconclusive. There has also been research that concluded that regular, or maintenance, massages can alleviate some symptoms. In 2004, a research team published a meta-Analysis of Massage Therapy, which provided comprehensive look at the actual effectiveness of sports massage.
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Print, homework reference this, massage therapy has been used ancient times. There is evidence that the Chinese used therapeutic massage more than 3,000 years ago. Massage has fallen in and out of favour over time. One of the newest forms of massage therapy is sports massage. Famous athletes have publicly expressed their great satisfaction with sports massage. They claim that it has increased their athletic performance and helped speed their recovery after strenuous exercise. Non-professional athletes and their trainers has also become increasingly interested in sports massage, partly because of the acclaim it has received from elite athletes.